Ficus lyrata’s planting points

Ficus lyrata’s planting points
Ficus lyrata is also known as the cattle root, the mountain incense, the milk tree and so on. Named after the shape of the apex of the leaf is inflated, it is an evergreen tree of the genus Sanctuary. The high value of appreciation of the leaves of the leaves is the ideal foliage plant in the hall. How is the lotus leafhopper raised? Is there any good way to raise it? What do you need to pay attention to when you raise the piano leaves? Please read with me with your questions! 琴叶榕 Feeding methods of the leaves (basic knowledge): The best breeding moment: the lotus leaf cuttings are best combined with trimming and shaping at the turn of spring and summer. The best growing soil: The eucalyptus leaves are not strict with the soil, and the peat is mainly loose, drained and ventilated. Growth and humidity requirements: Compared with the name of the leaves, the humidity is not strict, and the humidity is about 60{bf}. The optimal growth temperature: the growth temperature of the leaves is 25 ° C to 35 ° C, dormancy around 15 ° C, safely over the winter of 5 ° C. The best growth light: Ficus lyrata has strong adaptability to light, and can grow well under the scattered light of Liangtang. In summer, it should avoid direct sunlight. If it is necessary to cover the outside, it should be added in winter. Matters needing attention in the breeding of the leaves and leaves: water and fertilizer treatment: Ficus lyrata hi wet soil has a relatively large fluctuation in water requirements. The requirements for the soil are not strict, the fertilizer requirements are not strict, and the production can be more than 20-20-20 cooperative calcium and potassium fertilizer for irrigation. The fairy nymphs grow faster, the seedlings are smaller in the first month, and the amount of fertilizer needed is not large. The plants are diluted by 1000-20 times with 20-20-20. In the last four months, the plant type is relatively compact and large, requiring fertilizer. The amount is gradually increased, and it can be diluted with 20-20-20, 800 times 5000 times calcium nitrate 5000 times potassium nitrate cooperative irrigation, and the cooperation of calcium and potassium fertilizer can enhance the stalk lignification. Basin soil replacement: the leaves are changed in spring and trimmed in winter. The basin should be small, but it should be heavy. This kind of tree is simple and top-heavy. To avoid falling down the pot, too much water or insufficient water will cause the leaves to fall. The bottom of the basin needs to be perforated, in order to adhere to the outstanding drainage, and the watering is repeated. The next watering can wait for the soil to dry before pouring. The potted plants are rotated 90 degrees per week to evenly receive light. The main points of reproduction: the reproduction of the leaves and leaves are mostly carried out by cutting and pressing. Following the development of tissue culture technology, the group culture leaves are produced on a large scale, the quality is better than the cuttings, the beading is much better, the resistance is strong, and the growth is fast. 琴叶榕 The leaves are used for cutting or high pressure. When cutting, select 1-2 year old branches, cut it 20-30 cm away from the potting surface, cut the strip into 3-4 section stems, as cuttings, each cuttings leaves leaves, and leaves Cut 2/3-3/4 to reduce water transpiration; first immerse the cuttings in water or use straw ash to prevent the sap from flowing out; insert the cuttings into the bed made of river sand or perlite, and pay attention to sticking Bedding temperature and high ambient air humidity. It can be rooted at about 25-30 °C for about a month. Through the truncated plants, due to the destruction of its apical dominance, the buds of the stem nodes can sprout new shoots and form a bifurcated tree shape; after the new shoots are aged, the cuttings can be cut again. The high-pressure reproduction method is also a common method for the reproduction of the leaves. One part of peat soil, one part of garden soil and one part of river sand are mixed as the base, and a small amount of decomposed base fertilizer is picked up. Because of its large number of leaves, it requires a large amount of fertilizer. Therefore, it is necessary to apply liquid fertilizer or granular compound fertilizer for 1-2 weeks of growth and seasoning to promote plant growth and green leaves; it is not fattened at the end of autumn and winter. In the spring and summer, the growth of the locust leaves is large, and the required water is more. It is necessary to give enough water to pick up the leaf surface spray. The locust leaves are suitable for growth in a semi-shade environment. Avoid direct sunlight in summer, avoid burning the leaves and make the leaves tarnish. However, the light is too weak and the plant grows slender, so it is necessary to give it a brighter light for growth and robustness. The growth season is better than 50{bf} shade. Compared with other Brassica plants, the cold tolerance of the leaves is relatively weak, and the wintering temperature is 8 °C. In order to improve its cold tolerance, in addition to controlling the amount of water in the late autumn and winter, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers can be added about two months before the onset of winter. 琴叶榕 Pest control: The epidemic rot has different degrees of attack in the culture of the leaves and the introduction area. Harm the leaves and stems of the leaves, causing the leaves to die or the whole plant to die. Symptoms: Water-stained gray lesions appear in the susceptible area of ​​the leaves, agilely enlarged, and developed into dark brown and decayed. After the stem is infected, it presents dark brown lesions, such as the lesions that cut the stems, and the upper part is dead. Prevention and treatment: 1. Strengthen the cultivation and treatment to enhance the disease resistance of plants. It is advisable to use sandy loam or loam for the planting of the leaves, and the drainage is excellent. The whole day or half-day sunshine requires excellent ventilation and high temperature, and the temperature is not lower than 10 °C in winter. Nursery to avoid continuous cropping. Apply compound organic fertilizer to avoid partial application of nitrogen fertilizer. In the summer, it is placed in the outdoor half shade or wet, and the light is sufficient. Indoor appreciation should be placed in a light and ventilated place, and should not be too long at all times. In winter, it should be placed in the warm and ventilated sun in the room. Do not water too much, keep the soil moist, pay attention to eradicate the dust on the leaves, and keep the leaves clean and boring. 2. After the onset of the plant, the plant should be agilely moved to the ventilated sun, and there should be plenty of light, and the leaves should not be sprayed with water, and the diseased leaves should be cut off. Light diseased leaves can be cut off with some health arrangements, and then sprayed with Doldo liquid maintenance, or spray 80{bf}Dyson zinc wettable powder 500 times solution, 25{bf} metalaxyl WP 500~ 800 times liquid, etc., pay attention to the rotation of the drug. 3. After the diseased plant is removed, the soil should be irrigated with 1{bf} copper sulfate or lime powder.
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